Cognitive enhancement in man with ispronicline, a nicotinic partial agonist
Dunbar GC, Kuchibhatla R.
Targacept Inc., Winston Salem,
NC 27101, USA.
J Mol Neurosci. 2006;30(1-2):169-72.


Cholinergic mechanisms are clearly involved in memory deficits associated with Alzheimer's disease (AD) (Perry et al., 1977). Recently, there has been growing interest in the nicotinic approach to the treatment of AD; however, compounds have failed in the clinic because of a lack of separation between central and peripheral nicotinic effects (Potter et al., 1999). Ispronicline (TC-1734) is an orally active, selective, partial agonist of the central alpha4beta2 neuronal nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (nAChR), with high binding affinity to membrane preparations from rat brain or mammalian cells expressing recombinant human alpha4beta2 receptor (Gatto et al., 2004). Ispronicline has no detectable effects on muscle or ganglionic nAChRs, indicating a marked CNS over PNS selectivity. In animal models ispronicline potently improved cognitive function. A long duration of memory enhancement was displayed in object recognition and radial arm maze tests. Ispronicline pharmacokinetics (half-life of 2 h in rats) contrasts with the long-lasting improvement of working memory (18 h to 2 d) (Gatto et al., 2004).

New brain cells
The memory switch?
Cholinesterase inhibitors
Cholinergic precursor therapy
Alzheimers disease/resources
Acetylcholine and consciousness
Anti-muscarinics/dumb-drug euphoria
Ispronicline: pharmacokinetics and safety

and further reading

Future Opioids
BLTC Research
Utopian Surgery?
The Abolitionist Project
The Hedonistic Imperative
The Reproductive Revolution
Critique of Huxley's Brave New World

The Good Drug Guide
The Good Drug Guide

The Responsible Parent's Guide
To Healthy Mood Boosters For All The Family