Nimodipine prevents the effects of ethanol in tests of memory
Brooks SP, Hennebry G, McAlpin GP,
Norman G, Little HJ.
Drug Dependence Unit,
Durham DH1 3LE, UK.
Neuropharmacology. 2002 Mar;42(4):577-85
ABSTRACTThe effects of acute administration of the dihydropyridine calcium channel antagonist, nimodipine, were studied on the actions of ethanol in the radial arm maze and the object recognition test. In the former test, the effects of the drugs were examined on the performance in finding the four baited arms, after previous training in this task. Ethanol, at 1 g/kg, increased both the number of re-entries into baited arms (counted as errors of working memory) and the total number of arm choices required to complete the task. Administration of nimodipine, 10 mg/kg, with the ethanol, completely prevented the deleterious effects on memory in this task, but had no effects on the performance when given in the absence of ethanol. In the object recognition task, ethanol, 1 g/kg, significantly decreased the differences in the time spent exploring novel and familiar objects. Nimodipine, 10 mg/kg, given with the ethanol, completely prevented this effect, but nimodipine alone had no effects. The lack of changes in total exploration times indicated that the effects of ethanol in these tests were not due to loss of motor co-ordination or of alertness. The results are discussed in the light of the known actions of the drugs on brain function.Caffeine
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